Fractures usually happen from hard falls, sudden twists, and unexpected collisions. There are 26 bones in the foot and 3 in the ankle joint. Fractures in these bones may happen due to stress fractures that may require rest and time to heal; other fractures may need surgery to repair.
Ankle fracture and dislocation:
An ankle fracture may happen in one or more of the three bones -ankle bones- the tibia, fibula, and talus. The two ankle joints where the tibia, fibula, and the talus meet and syndesmosis joint which are located between the tibia and fibula are also affected. A simple fracture in the ankle occurs when the bone breaks but does not protrude through the skin. A compound fracture in the ankle happens when the bone breaks and protrudes from the skin.
Ankle dislocation happens when the ligaments that hold your ankle bones are torn or pulled out of place mainly because of injury. Dislocations usually happen due to fractures or severe sprains.
Though dislocations of the foot are rare, any bone in the feet may break or crack. There are two common types of fractures:
- A fracture in the long bone along the outside of the foot that connects to the little toe (fifth metatarsal fracture)
- A small bone chip is pulled away from the main bone due to a tendon or ligament injury (avulsion fracture).